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Chicago History Museum
1601 N. Clark Street Chicago, IL 60614

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A. Achen letter

Achen, an Ohio regimental surgeon at the Union lines before Vicksburg, describes recent events of the siege, such as Union naval attempts to break the Mississippi blockade, a speech by General Thomas on abolition, and the formation of African American regiments. On verso is a map in pencil of Vicksburg and vicinity, with various fortifications and encampments indicated. Also includes

A.M. Elgin document

Mobile, Alabama. State and County taxes for the year ending March 1864, receipted by H.T. Gaines, Tax Collector.

Alfred Clark Hills papers

Writings by Alfred Clark Hills, including long poems: "John Smith" and "Love is Life"; description of an incident at the Battle of Fair Oaks (n.d., 6 p.); and "Fifteen months with the Army of the Potomac", fruitless marches and futility of the campaign plus miscellaneous letters (1861-1862; incomplete; ca. 460 p.), a reminiscence about his Civil War service; plus a

American Colonization Society records

Correspondence, account sheets, constitution, instructions to agents, letters of introduction from the Board of Managers, and other materials of the American Colonization Society. Topics include the formation of auxiliary societies, importance of suppressing the slave trade, African settlements, fund-raising, and captured Africans recommended to the attention of the society after they have been discharged from the U.S. Correspondents include Dr.

Arnold T. Needham letter

Letter, from Woodville, Alabama, to Reverend William Weston Patton. Visit to Chicago, wife's illness; efforts as chaplain; school for negro slaves, negro's need of education and explanation of Scriptures; hope for whisky tax; wish of regiment for relief.

Atkinson family collection of visual materials

Photographs and prints related to Isaac and Emma Atkinson and their descendants, one of the first African-American families to settle in Chicago. Isaac was the son of Richard Atkinson, who emigrated from Scotland to the United States, and Cecilia, a full-blooded Cherokee. Isaac married Emma Jane, who was half African American and half Cherokee, and they came to Chicago in

Bond for hire of enslaved boy, Harrison, from Robert E. Lee

Bond for 150.00 dollars from John Crockford and John Malone to Robert E. Lee for the hire of enslaved boy, Harrison, for one year to be employed on the public works for part of the year in Virginia and part of the year in North Carolina. Crockford and Malone agree to furnish good and sufficient summer and winter clothing.

Chapin Hall for Children records

Correspondence, minutes of meetings, 1867-1958, admission and dismissal ledgers, financial records, case files, and other records of the organization, which provided day-care services for working mothers and served as a temporary shelter for dependent children and as an orphanage. The Chicago Nursery and Half-Orphan Asylum was known since the 1930s as Chapin Hall for Children (the name of its building

Chicago Police Department collection

Personnel registers (3 v.: 1890-1897, 1897-1904, 1904-1910) providing departmental and biographical information on police officers appointed from 1866 to 1910 and one news clipping scrapbook (1 v.) relative to the police and to crime and criminals, 1912-1914. The personnel registers list name, birth date and place, former occupation, date of appointment, resignation, fines, promotions, etc. Entries are arranged by the

Chicago Teachers' Federation records

Correspondence, minutes of meetings 1898-1966 (incomplete 1906-1920), reports, excerpts of court transcripts, newsclippings, pamphlets, speeches, and other office files, primarily on subjects of interest to teachers. Includes material on the Federation's relationship with organized labor and its membership in the Chicago Federation of Labor (1902-1917); salaries, pensions, tenure protection, educational theory and practice, classroom conditions, discipline problems, double shifts for

Civil War African American troops muster rolls and rosters

Collection of miscellaneous muster rolls, rosters, and payment vouchers for African American soldiers in the U.S. Army during the Civil War.

David J. Griffiths notebooks

Griffiths entered the U.S. Army as a member of the 2nd Kentucky Volunteers and served as medical director at various times in the following units: 11th Division, Army of the Ohio; and in the Army of the Cumberland: 3rd Division, 14th Army Corps; 3rd Division, 20th Army Corps; and 2nd Division, 4th Army Corps.

David Levy Yulee collection

Five letters by Senator D.L. Yulee of Florida to the following: to R.J. Walker, 1846 Mar. 26; to John B. Pollock, Cincinnati, 1853 Feb. 20; Letter from Washington to Messrs. Lansing and associates regretting that he will be unable to attend a meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (1856 July 27, 2 pages); to Capt. M.

E. P. Stickney papers

Civil War letters written from Fort Bunker Hill, Washington, D.C., to his sister; typical day's food rations: "Salt horse", beans, etc.; visits to Washington, D.C.: Rock Creek Church (Episcopal), soldiers' burying ground. Speaks about system of ventilation used in Capitol Building; desertion of some enslaved Black people.

Edward Coles papers

Letters by Edward Coles, chiefly to Mr. and Mrs. James Madison on historical and personal matters; 13 business letters to Isaac Prickett, 1831-44; 13 letters by Isaac A. Coles, 1809-35. Also present are later letters discussing the donation of Coles' papers to Chicago Historical Society, 1881-83. Other topics of the Coles correspondence include slavery in the U.S. and in Illinois;

First Baptist Church of Chicago records

Membership records; minutes of trustees, church organizations and committees; clerk records and financial records; anniversary programs; scrapbooks; a diary of Mary Marx (1929-1930); and numerous clippings of newspaper articles relating to activities of the ministers and members of the First Baptist Church of Chicago (Ill.). Many clippings describe racial integration within the church, ministers, such as Dr. Jitsuo Morikawa (1943-1956)

Francis Rogan letter

Letter by Francis Rogan, from Bledsoe Creek, Sumner County (Tenn.), to his former enslaved person, Isaac Rogan, who is living in central Illinois. Francis Rogan, who is white, expresses respect for Isaac, who is African American, and reports on deaths and marriages of family and neighbors, occupations of former enslaved people, and living conditions in the area during and after

Franklyn Atkinson Henderson collection of photographs of African American old settlers of Chicago

Primarily photographic portraits of the first African American settlers in the Chicago area collected by Henderson as historian for the Chicago Old Settlers Social Club (ca. 1902-1918). Includes portraits of Mary Davenport (first black police matron), Edward Hopkins Morris who served in the Illinois Legislature from 1890-1902, John Jones (first black Cook County Commissioner) who was elected to office in

Frederick H. Harris letter

Letter, from Jackson, Tennessee, to Whipple, a correspondent for the Chicago Tribune; the bearer, Charles Grayson, came to me with a certificate from officers with whom I am well acquainted, stating that he has been held as an enslaved man in Calhoun County, Mississippi, until the occupation by our troops; he joined our regiment; that he is a white man,

George Washington Rains slavery document

Special orders issued at Office, Columbus Arsenal, Madison, Georgia, by Colonel Rains, Chief of Ordnance, regarding the transportation of people enslaved by the Nitre and Mining Bureau.

George White Civil War documents

White was an African American born in Baltimore. He enlisted in the army at age 33 or 34 as an engineer and served as a sergeant in the 3rd Missouri Colored Infantry Volunteers (which became the 67th Regiment of Colored Infantry in 1864). On May 16, 1863, he was promoted to the 1st Regiment Mississippi Volunteers (which eventually merged into

Hector Davis & Company account books

Account books of Hector Davis & Company, Richmond (Va.), one of the largest slave dealers in the South, including notations of cost, selling price, doctor and food bills, advertising, profits, and commissions on slave sales.

James Waldron and Hinkle-Hobbs Family papers

Sundry letters and other documents of members of an African American family, including certificate of appointment of Civil War soldier James Waldron as corporal in the 13th Colored Heavy Artillery, Jan. 1865, and his discharge, in Kentucky, Nov. 1865. Also letters and newsletters from S.W. Daugherty & Co., Columbus (Ind.), about assistance in claiming Waldron's military pension, 1890-1905, most addressed

John Brown papers

The papers contain twenty-seven items by John Brown, 1842-1859. Twelve items are letters to members of his family. They deal chiefly with personal and household matters. Three pieces are business letters on the sale of sheep and wool. Seven letters are fundraising notes and receipts for Brown's western expeditions. There is also Brown's draft of the articles of peace between

John Jones papers

Notebook/scrapbook (ca. 1850s-1870s) with text of Fourth of July speech, comments, and pasted newspaper clippings compiled by John Jones about Africans and African Americans, politics, and history; freedom certificates issued to John and Mary Jones by the Madison County Circuit Court at Edwardsville (Ill.), and signed by William Brown, Clerk, 1844 Nov. 28; letter of Mary Jones to Albert Hager