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Hull-House, founded in 1889 by Jane Addams and Ellen Gates Starr, was the first social settlement in Chicago. The settlement was incorporated in March 1895, with a stated purpose to "provide a center for higher civic and social life, to initiate and maintain educational and philanthropic enterprises, and to investigate and improve the conditions in the industrial districts of Chicago."
The Marcy-Newberry Association was formed from the Marcy Center and the Newberry Avenue Center. Marcy Center, founded in 1896, offered settlement house services to residents of the Maxwell Street neighborhood and later the Lawndale neighborhood in Chicago. By the 1950s, the Center was serving a primarily African American population. Newberry Avenue Center was founded in the 1930s in the original