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Chicago Defender Archives Individuals Files
Founded by Robert S. Abbott in 1905, the Chicago Defender is one of America's longest-running African American newspapers. The Defender is best known for having spurred the Great Migration of African Americans from the southern United States to the nation's urban centers in the north—especially Chicago—during the first decades of the 20th century. The Defender also paved the way for
Cyrus Colter (1910-2002) Papers, 1935-1995
The papers of Cyrus Colter, African-American writer and educator, fill five archival boxes and span the years 1935 to 1995. The collections consists of biographical material, correspondence, speeches, and publications. Drafts of Colter's publications, especially his two last novels, A Chocolate Soldier and City of Lights, form the bulk of the collection.
Cyrus Colter Papers
Cyrus Colter, a distinguished African-American writer, lawyer and professor, was born on January 8, 1910, in Noblesville, Indiana. Colter was the eldest of two children born to James Alexander Colter and Ethel Marietta Basset Colter, whose families had moved from North Carolina to rural Indiana in the 1830s in search of safe haven. His mother died when he was six